If you are ever summoned to a grand jury, it will be an interesting and unique experience. Of course, you may feel differently if it turns out that a grand jury is in fact being summoned directly on your account. But if it’s just a case of receiving a summons to grand jury duty, you shouldn’t worry. the process is usually quick painless. It won’t take a great deal of energy or time away from your other pursuits in life. However, a grand jury summons is a very serious process that is well worth taking the time to get to know in case such a summons ever appears in the mail.
What Is a Grand Jury?
The first question you will most likely be asking when you receive a grand jury summons is, “Just exactly what is a grand jury?” A grand jury is a jury that is convened in order to conduct official proceedings on behalf of the state or Federal government. These proceedings include making a full of investigation of potential criminal conduct. A grand jury has the power to determine whether enough evidence of wrongdoing exists in order for official criminal charges to be filed against a defendant or group of defendants. As can no doubt be guessed, this is serious stuff.
Are There Any Definitions You Need to Be Aware Of?
There may be other types of grand jury definition, relating mostly to the size of the jury itself or to whether or not the jury has been convened on behalf of the state or Federal government. However, for the purposes of this article, the typical grand jury definition will involve a body of people larger than a normal jury who are convened for the purpose of making a direct investigation into whether criminal activity has taken place.
What Is the Purpose of a Grand Jury?
In answer to the question, “What is the purpose of a grand jury?”, there are several possible responses. Suffice it to say that the general purpose of grand jury duty is to assist in bringing to the court’s attention certain cases that may be actionable under the terms of state or Federal law. It can also make presentments concerning criminal activity and administrative misconduct. In most cases, a grand jury will consist of 23 individuals, rather than the standard 12 for normal juries.
A Grand Jury Guarantees Citizens Their Rights Under the Constitution
The institution of the grand jury has always been to expedite the formal accusation of persons who may be guilty of an offense. However, it should also be noted that the grand jury is also meant to be a shield against unfounded, oppressive, or retaliatory prosecution. In this sense, this type of jury is a reliable means for citizens who are judged to be fair and reliable representatives of their community to play their part in the process of justice as guaranteed to them under the Constitution.
Knowing the Difference Between a Grand Jury and a Regular Jury
There are some key differences between a grand jury and a regular jury. For example, a grand jury vs jury comparison will take into account the fact that a regular jury will consist of a dozen people. You may remember the famous “12 Angry Men” of Hollywood legend. By contrast, a grand jury vs jury comparison will note that a grand jury can consist of up to 23 individuals – nearly twice the size of a regular jury. There are other key differences, but this is by far the most common and defining.
What Is a Grand Jury Indictment?
Your next question may well be, “What is a grand jury indictment?” An indictment is a document that is issued by the grand jury at the request of the prosecutor in the case. This comes after the jury has deliberated over the results of the findings they have come to. At the end of the investigation, the judge will ask the jury to state its findings. If the jury believes that enough evidence is present to warrant a trial, the prosecutor will ask it to file an indictment. After the jury does so, a trial date will be set for the defendant in the case.
What Does a Grand Jury Do?
As noted above, the answer to the question, “What does a grand jury do?” is that it decides whether or not there is sufficient evidence to charge an individual or group of individuals with a crime. If the answer is yes, the grand jury will then hand down an indictment against the individual named in the investigation. This will lead to the setting up of a trial involving that person. The jury in this case is the proving ground and then catalyst for any major legal action that may occur as an outcome of such an investigation.
What Is the Typical Grand Jury Process?
The grand jury process is basically the same as that of a regular jury. You will be summoned to serve on a grand jury, after which you will be questioned by the defense counsel or prosecutor in the case. This questioning will be to determine whether or not you are seen as being fit to serve on the jury. If you pass the test, you will be summoned to serve on the grand jury at a specific date. The process from this point will be to hear all the evidence and sift through it afterward until you agree on a verdict. The judge will then summon the jury and call for that verdict.
What Is a Federal Grand Jury?
A Federal grand jury is different from a regular grand jury in that it deals with crimes on the Federal level. For example, if you are accused of very serious crimes that are direct offenses against the United States government, such as obstruction of justice or major tax evasion, your case may be investigated by a grand jury at the Federal level. If the grand jury should find that pressing charges is warranted, you will be under indictment by a Federal jury and will thus face the possibility of receiving penalties at the Federal, rather than state, level.
When Is a Grand Jury Used and in What Type of Cases?
In answer to the question, “When is a grand jury used?,” the answer is that such a jury can be called in cases involving crimes against the Federal government, crimes involving corruption at the state or Federal level, or crimes involving civil servants or police officers. A grand jury is called in these and many other cases where the stakes may be considered to be considerably higher than in normal cases where a regular jury trial is sufficient.
What Is the Typical Process of Grand Jury Selection?
The process of grand jury selection is nearly the same as that of a regular jury. However, in this case, the judge and lawyers will tend to ask fewer questions. The aim will be to collect a large group of people very quickly in order to form the grand jury. This means that you will have many fewer excuses to get out of jury duty than you would in a regular trial. The process itself will be a relatively quick one. You should know that you do have a much higher chance of being selected for this type of jury than you would in a regular case. There isn’t much you can do to get out of it.
There Is No Need to Be Afraid of Being Chosen For Jury Duty
Many people seem to have an extreme phobia of being chosen for jury duty. This may stem from social anxiety or reluctance to come under the scrutiny of legal authorities. Whatever the reason may be, you should know that you don’t have to panic when you receive a summons. You may well end up not getting picked for the jury, in which case you have absolutely no reason to worry about anything. Even if you are chosen, it’s hardly the end of the world. Your employer will be notified by the court that you have been chosen to serve on the jury so that your job will be secure.
What Should You Do When You Are Selected for a Jury?
The best thing you can do when you are selected for duty on a jury is to relax. Most jury trials only last about a week. If the trial should go over 10 days, you can expect to get paid. You may receive anywhere from $50 to $100 per day for your jury service, depending on the state you live in and the length of the actual case. As noted above, you don’t need to worry about taking too much time off from your job or schooling, as you can easily show them your official notice from the court in order to be excused. The best thing you can do now is strap in and enjoy your experience.